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Coffea liberica (or Liberian coffee) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is a coffee that is found in Liberia, West Africa.

Cultivation and Use

The Coffea liberica tree grows up to 9 metres in height, producing cherries that are larger than those found on arabica trees. This coffee was brought to Indonesia to replace the arabica trees killed by the coffee rust disease at the end of the 19th century. Liberica coffee tastes more like coffee robusta than like the more popular arabica. It is still found in parts of Central and East Java today.

Liberica is a major crop in the Philippines. The town of Lipa (now Lipa City) became the biggest producer of arabica in the 1880s but collapsed when the coffee rust disease arrived in the 1890s, killing almost all coffee arabica plants, which threatened the variety with extinction. Today the provinces of Batangas and Cavite in the Philippines are producers of a variety of Liberica known as Baraco.

Taxonomy

Coffea dewevrei, Coffea dybowskii and Coffea excelsa were formerly considered as separate species but were reclassified in 2006 as synonyms for Coffea liberica var. dewevrei.[1]

Written on June 20th, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

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