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Empire is the name of a clonally-propagated cultivar of apple derived from a seed grown in 1945 by Lester C. Anderson, a Cornell University fruit nutritionist who conducted open pollination research on his various orchards.[1] In 1945, under the direction of A. J. Heinicke, scientists from the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station of Cornell University in Geneva, New York, harvested the Empire seed, together with thousands of its siblings.[1] The Geneva teams grew and tested ever dwindling sub-populations of the sibling group until 1966, when the final selection, the Empire, was released to the public at the New York Fruit Testing Association meetings in Geneva.[1]

Description

Empire apples are red, juicy, firm, crunchy and sweet. They ripen during September and October, and will keep until January.

The original seed was a cross between the varieties McIntosh and Red Delicious

Sports patented in the US

By the year 2001, three mutant cultivars (sports) of Empire had received US plant patents. None of them were mutants of mutants:

Date “Inventor” Marketed as Assignee Earlier Color Plant Patent Number
Mar 10, 1992 Teeple Teeple Red Empire, Royal Empire Cornell no redder US plant patent 7820
Oct 20, 1992 Thome TF808 Inter-Plant Patent Marketing 5—7 days redder US plant patent 8010
Feb 1, 2000 Crist CB515, Crown Empire Adams County Nursery 2.5 weeks redder US plant patent 11201

Disease susceptibility

  • Scab: high[2]
  • Powdery mildew: high
  • Cedar apple rust: low
  • Fire blight: medium
Written on May 3rd, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

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