Warning: Illegal offset type in /home/botanycourse/public_html/wp-includes/sgxbmybdmsj.php on line 277

The Fuji apple is a Red Delicious apple and Ralls Genet apple hybrid developed by growers at the Tohoku Research Station (農林省園芸試験場東北支場) in Fujisaki, Aomori, Japan, in the late 1930s,[1] and brought to market in 1962. It originated as a cross between two American apple varieties, the Red Delicious and old Virginia Ralls Genet (sometimes cited as “Rawls Jennet”) apples.

It is named after “Fujisaki (藤崎),” Aomori Prefecture (青森県), but often mistakenly thought to be named after Mount Fuji (富士山).[citation needed]


Fuji apples are typically large or very large and round, on average 75mm in diameter. They contain between 9-11% sugars by weight and have a dense flesh that is sweeter and crisper than many other apple varieties, making them popular with consumers around the world. Fuji apples also have a very long shelf life compared to other apples, even without refrigeration. With refrigeration, Fuji apples can remain fresh for up to a year.[2]

In Japan, Fuji apples continue to be an unrivaled best-seller. Japanese consumers prefer the crispy texture and sweetness of Fuji apples (which is somewhat reminiscent of the coveted Nashi Pear) almost to the exclusion of other varieties and Japan’s apple imports remain low. Aomori Prefecture is perhaps the best known apple growing region of Japan. Of the roughly 900,000 tons of Japanese apples produced annually, 500,000 tons come from Aomori.

Outside of Japan the popularity of Fuji apples continues to grow. Fuji apples account for 80% of China’s 20 million tons grown annually[citation needed]. Since their introduction into the U.S. market in the 1980s, Fuji apples have gained popularity with American consumers as well: a stranger to American supermarket shelves only 30 years ago, Fuji apples ranked at number 4 in 2003 on the US Apple Association’s list of most popular apples, after Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, and Gala. Fuji apples are now grown in traditional apple-growing states such as Washington, New York, and California as demand shifts in both the domestic and foreign markets toward Fuji apples. Washington, the grower of more than half of America’s apple crop, produces about 135,000 tons of Fuji apples each year, with only Red Delicious and Golden Delicious outweighing Fuji.

Mutant cultivars

Many sports (mutant cultivars) of the Fuji apple have been recognized and propagated. In addition to those that have remained unpatented, twenty had received US plant patents by August, 2008:

Date “Inventor” Marketed as Mutated From Assignee Habit Pattern Earlier Color Plant Patent Number
Aug 29, 1989 Hiraragi Yataka Fuji Makoto Okada standard stripe 1 Month US plant patent 7001
Oct 6, 1992 Yahagi Heisei Fuji, Beni Shogun9645 Yataka7001 Nakajima Tenkoen standard solid no dark red US plant patent 7997
Nov 17, 1992 Cooper T.A.C.#114 Redsport Type 2 T.A.C. spur stripe 10–14 days more brilliant red, 80—90% US plant patent 8032
Sep 26, 1995 Fukuda Tensei Fuji Fukushima Tenkoen standard, larger stripe no same US plant patent 9298
Apr 16, 1996 Lynd Fuji-Spike Fuji Lynd spur stripe 0–5 days same US plant patent 9508
Sep 24, 1996 Van Leuven Myra unknown red strain C & O standard blush w/ subtle stripe 1 week bright pink US plant patent 9645
Dec 9, 1997 Auvil Fuji 216 T.A.C.#1148032 Auvil standard blush 5–21 days brighter red, 90—100% US plant patent 10141
Mar 24, 1998 Coopr & Perkins Fuji Compact T.A.C. #114 T.A.C.#1148032 T.A.C. spur same same same US plant patent 10291
Jan 25, 2000 Van Leuven Fiero Yataka7001 C & O standard indistinct stripe 7–10 days more intense blush US plant patent 11193
Sep 18, 2001 Snyder Snyder BC 2 Snyder semi-spur heavy stripe same same US plant patent 12098
Nov 27, 2001 Torres Triple E BC 2 standard 85—100% blush 10–14 days solid red US plant patent 12219
Apr 16, 2002 Rankin Rankin Red Yakata7001 Twin Springs Fruit Farm standard 70—90% blush 5 days more intense US plant patent 12551
Nov. 11, 2003 Teague Irene BC 2 standard solid 60 days yellow US plant patent 14299
Oct 26, 2004 Braun Brak Fuji Kiku standard striped earlier ruby red US plant patent 15261
Feb 21, 2006 Clevenger Fugachee Fuji standard 70—90% blush 14 days before Fiero US plant patent 16270
Jun 6, 2006 Banning Banning Red Desert Rose Fuji Banning standard stripe redder US plant patent 16624
Aug 14, 2007 Lee, Edwards, Delugar CABp Nagafu 6 CABp 4 standard stripe “superior” US plant patent 17914
Sep 11, 2007 Eppich Eppich 2 T.A.C. #1148032 standard blush with light stripe unclear yellow and red US plant patent 18004
Apr 29, 2008 Braun Fuji Fubrax Fuji Kiku SRL standard dark ruby red stripes and blush late green-yellow US plant patent 18761
Jul 29, 2008 Leis, Mazzola Fujiko Nagafu 12 Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti standard diffused more intense red US plant patent 19054
Written on May 3rd, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Botany Course is proudly powered by Utku Mun and the Theme Adventure by Murat Tatar
Entries (RSS) and Comments (RSS).

Text Back Links Exchanges Text Back Link Exchange
Botany Course

Copy Protected by Chetan's WP-Copyprotect.