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The Goldfinger banana (FHIA-01) is a banana cultivar developed in Honduras. The cultivar, developed at the Honduran Foundation for Agricultural Research (FHIA) by a team of scientists led by Phillip Rowe and Franklin Rosales, has been bred to be pest-resistant (specifically against the black sigatoka) and crop-yielding.

Taxonomy

The FHIA-01 Goldfinger banana is a tetraploid (AAAB) hybrid of the cultivar Musa acuminata × balbisiana (AAB) ‘Prata-anã’ (a naturally occurring triploid clone from Brazil), and the cultivar SH-3142.

SH-3142 was developed from a cross between SH-1734 and Musa acuminata (AA) ‘Pisang jari buaya’ from Papua New Guinea.

SH-1734 in turn, was developed from Musa acuminata (AA) ‘Lidi’ (from Sumatra), Musa acuminata (AA) ‘Sinwobogi’ (from Papua New Guinea), and wild seeded Musa acuminata (from the Philippines).[1]

Its full designation is Musa acuminata × balbisiana (AAAB Group) ‘FHIA-01 Goldfinger’.

History

The roots of the Goldfinger’s development can be traced back to an initiative to develop new banana breeds by the United Fruit Company begun as early as 1959. This was later taken up by the Honduran Foundation for Agricultural Research, supported by organizations such as the Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The initiative drew on the gene pool of more than 800 banana cultivars from Southeast Asia, from which bananas originated. Throughout the development of the banana, the developers took the view that conventional hybridization is more important than alternative means, such as genetic engineering.

The first big breakthrough came in 1977, with the development of a hybrid which provided a good banana bunch size, and was resistant to both burrowing nematodes and Race 4 of Panama disease. The banana’s pest-resistance, further improved later, has environmental and economic aspects. Antifungal chemicals cost more than $750 per hectare a year, and are very damaging to the environment.

The Goldfinger was unveiled in Canada in 1994 by the IDRC.

After Phillip Rowe’s death in 2001, the initiative was taken over by Juan Fernando Aguilar.[1]

Growing

The Goldfinger takes longer than other banana varieties to mature, but is more resistant to cold, wind and pestilence. It grows to 4.3 meters (14 feet).

Consumption

Though the Goldfinger is edible while still green (in the form of chips, for instance), it is most appealing to Western markets when ripe. In this form, the Goldfinger’s stated aim is to replace the much more popular Cavendish banana, which is essentially the sole dessert banana sold in North American and European markets. Since its launch, the Goldfinger has caught on in certain markets — notably Australia — but has yet to do so in North America and Europe.

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Written on June 6th, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

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