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Honeydew is a cultivar group of the muskmelon, Cucumis melo Inodorus group, which includes crenshaw, casaba, Persian, winter, and other mixed melons.

Characteristics

A honeydew has a round to slightly oval shape, typically 15–22 cm (5.9–8.7 in) long. It generally ranges in weight from 1.8 to 3.6 kg (4.0 to 7.9 lb). The flesh is usually pale green in color, while the smooth peel ranges from greenish to yellow. Like most fruit, honeydew has seeds. Honeydew’s thick, juicy, sweet flesh is often eaten for dessert, and is commonly found in supermarkets across the world. This fruit grows best in semiarid climates and is harvested based on maturity, not size. Maturity can be hard to judge, but is based upon ground color ranging from greenish white (immature) to creamy yellow (mature).[1] Quality is also determined by the honeydew having a nearly spherical shape with a surface free of scars or defects. Also, a honeydew should feel heavy for its size and have a waxy (not fuzzy) surface.

In California, the honeydew is in season from August until October.[2]

Honeydew melon, raw (edible parts)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 150 kJ (36 kcal)
Carbohydrates 9 g
– Sugars 8 g
– Dietary fiber 1 g
Fat 0.1 g
Protein 0.5 g
Vitamin C 18 mg (22%)
Sodium 18 mg (1%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Origin and alternate names

“Honeydew” is in fact the American name for the White Antibes cultivar which has been grown for many years in southern France and Algeria.[3][4] In China, honeydews are known as the Bailan melon; they are a locally famous product near Lanzhou, the capital city of Gansu province in China’s northwest. According to Chinese sources,[5] the melons were introduced to China by a Mr. Wallace, Vice president of the United States, who donated melon seeds to the locals while visiting in the 1940s (probably 1944).[citation needed] This man was almost certainly Henry A. Wallace, Vice president under Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who had a background in agriculture and had founded a major seed company, Pioneer Hi-Bred. As a result, in China the melon is sometimes called the Wallace (Chinese: 华莱士; pinyin: Hualaishi).[6]

Written on April 18th, 2012 , Fruits

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