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This list of culinary fruits contains the names of some fruits that are considered edible in some cuisines. The word “fruit” is used in several different ways.[1] The definition of fruit for these lists is a culinary fruit, i.e. “Any sweet, edible part of a plant that resembles fruit, even if it does not develop from a floral ovary; also used in a technically imprecise sense for some sweet or sweetish vegetables, some of which may resemble a true fruit or are used in cookery as if they were a fruit, for example rhubarb.”[2]

Note that many edible plant parts that are true fruits botanically speaking, are not considered culinary fruits. They are classified as vegetables in the culinary sense, (for example: the tomato, cucumber, zucchini, and so on), and hence they do not appear in this list. Similarly, some botanical fruits are classified as nuts (e.g. Brazil nut and various almonds), or staples (e.g. breadfruit), and likewise do not appear here. There also exist many fruits which are edible and palatable but for various reasons have not become popular.

Alphabetical list by common name

A

  • Abiu (Pouteria caimito; Sapotaceae)
  • Açaí (Euterpe oleracea; Arecaceae), or Assai
  • Acerola (Malpighia glabra; Malpighiaceae), also called Barbados cherry or West Indian cherry
  • Ackee (Blighia sapida or Cupania sapida; Sapindaceae)
  • African cherry orange (Citropsis schweinfurthii; Rutaceae)
  • African mango (Irvingia gabonensis)
  • African moringa (Moringa stenopetala; Moringaceae)
  • Ambarella (Spondias dulcis; Anacardiaceae)
  • American Black Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis; Adoxaceae)
  • American Chestnut (Castanea dentata; Fagaceae)
  • American grape: North American species (e.g., Vitis labrusca; Vitaceae) and American-European hybrids are grown where grape (Vitis vinifera) is not hardy and are used as rootstocks
  • American Hazelnut (Corylus americana; Betulaceae)
  • American Pawpaw (Asimina triloba; Annonaceae)
  • American Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana; Ebenaceae)
  • American plum (Prunus americana; Rosaceae)
  • American Red Elderberry (Sambucus pubens; Adoxaceae)
  • American Red Raspberry (Rubus strigosus; Rosaceae)
  • Apple and crabapple (Malus)
  • Apple, Malay, see Malay apple
  • Apple, custard, see Custard apple
  • Apple, elephant, see Elephant apple
  • Apple, kei, see key apple
  • Apple, mammee, see mammee apple
  • Apricot (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Araza (Eugenia stipitata)
  • Arhat (Siraitia grosvenorii; Cucurbitaceae) Also called longevity fruit
  • Atemoya (Annona cherimola × Annona squamosa; Annonaceae)
  • Atherton Raspberry (Rubus probus; Rosaceae)
  • Avocado (Persea americana; Lauraceae)

B

  • Babaco (Carica pentagona; Caricaceae)
  • Bacupari (Garcinia gardneriana)
  • Bacuri (Platonia esculenta; Guttiferae)
  • Bael, or Woodapple (Aegle marmelos; Rutaceae), found in eastern India.
  • Banana (Musacea spp.; Musaceae); its starchy variant is the plantain
  • Barbadine (granadilla; maracujá-açu in Portuguese)
  • Barbados Cherry, see acerola
  • Batuan (Garcinia morella)
  • Beach Plum (Prunus maritima; Rosaceae)
  • Bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.)
  • Betel Nut (“Areca catechu”; Arecaceae)
  • Bignay (Antidesma bunius; Euphorbiaceae)
  • Bilberry or whortleberry (Vaccinium spp.)
  • Bilimbi (Averrhoa bilimbi; Oxalidaceae) Also called cucumber tree or tree sorrel
  • Biribi (Rollinia deliciosa; Annonaceae)
  • Bitter melon, the flesh of which is bitter, and used as a culinary vegetable, but with a sweet coating around the mature seeds
  • Black Apple (Planchonella australis; Sapotaceae)
  • Black cherry (Prunus serotina; Rosaceae) very popular flavoring for pies, jams, and sweets.
  • Black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis or Rubus leucodermis; Rosaceae)
  • Black Mulberry (Morus nigra; Moraceae)
  • Black Sapote (Diospyros digyna)
  • Black Walnut (Juglans nigra; Juglandaceae)
  • Blackberry, of which there are many species and hybrids, such as dewberry, boysenberry, olallieberry, and tayberry (genus Rubus)
  • Blood Orange
  • Blue tongue (Melastoma affine; Melastomataceae)
  • Blueberry (Vaccinium, sect. Cyanococcus; Ericaceae)
  • Bolivian coconut (Parajubaea torallyi)
  • Bolwarra (Eupomatia laurina; Eupomatiaceae)
  • Boquila (Boquila trifoliata ; Lardizabalaceae)
  • Bottle Gourd also known as Calabash (Lagenaria siceraria; Cucurbitaceae)
  • Brazilian Guava (Psidium guineense; Myrtaceae)
  • Breadnut (Artocarpus camansi; Moraceae)
  • Breadnut, Mayan, see Mayan breadnut
  • Broad-leaf Bramble (Rubus moluccanus; Rosaceae)
  • Buddha’s Hand
  • Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argenta; Elaeagnaceae), which grows wild in the prairies of Canada
  • Burdekin Plum (Pleiogynium timorense; Anacardiaceae)
  • Burmese grape, or Latka (Baccaurea sapida; Phyllanthaceae)
  • Bush tomato (Certain Solanum species; Solanaceae)
  • Button Mangosteen (Garcinia prainiana)

C

  • Caimito (Pouteria caimito; Sapotaceae)
  • Calabash Tree (Crescentia cujete)
  • Calamondin (Citrofortunella Microcarpa)
  • Calamansi (×Citrofortunella Mitis))
  • CamuCamu (Myrciaria dubia; Myrtaceae)
  • Canistel (Pouteria campechiana; Sapotaceae), also called yellow sapote or “eggfruit”
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana; Solanaceae)
  • Capuli cherry (Prunus salicifolia, Prunus capuli or Prunus serotina subsp. capuli); Rosaceae), native to the Andes[3]
  • Carambola (Averrhoa carambola; Oxalidaceae), also called star fruit or five fingers
  • Cardón (Pachycereus pringlei; Cactaceae)
  • Carob (Ceratonia siliqua; Fabaceae)
  • Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)
  • Cassabanana (Sicana odorifera; Cucurbitaceae)
  • Cattley Guava (Psidium cattleianum; Myrtaceae)
  • Cawesh (Annona scleroderma; Annonaceae)
  • Cedar Bay cherry (Eugenia carissoides; Myrtaceae)
  • Ceriman (Monstera deliciosa; Araceae)
  • Cereus peruvianus
  • Ceylon gooseberry (Dovyalis hebecarpa; Flacourtiaceae
  • Charichuelo (Garcinia intermedia)
  • Chayote (Sechium edule; Cucurbitaceae)
  • Che (Cudrania tricuspidata; Moraceae) Also called Cudrania, Chinese Mulberry, Cudrang, Mandarin Melon Berry, Silkworm Thorn, zhe
  • Chempedak or Champedak (Artocarpus integer; Moraceae)
  • Chenet (guinep or ackee; pitomba-das-Guinas in Portuguese), also known as Spanish lime or mamoncillo
  • Cherimoya (Annona cherimola; Annonaceae), native to the Ecuadorian Andes[4]
  • Cherry, sweet, black, sour, and wild species (Prunus avium, Prunus serotina, Prunus cerasus, and others)
  • Cherry ballart (Exocarpus cupressiformis; Santalaceae)
  • Cherry of the Rio Grande (Eugenia aggregata; Myrtaceae)
  • Chilean guava (Psidium cattleianum; see also ugni (Myrtaceae)
  • Chinese jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus; Rhamnaceae)
  • Chinese Olive (Canarium album; Burseraceae)
  • Chinese Quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis)
  • Chokeberry (Aronia)
  • Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
  • Chupa-Chupa (Quararibea cordata; Malvaceae)
  • Citron (Citrus medica)
  • Clementine (Citrus reticulata var. clementine),
  • Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus)
  • Cluster fig (Ficus racemosa; Moraceae)
  • Cocky apple (Planchonia careya)
  • Coco Plum (Chrysobalanus icaco; Chrysobalanaceae)
  • Cocona (Solanum sessilifolium; Solanaceae)
  • Coconut (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae)
  • Cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco; Chrysobalanaceae)
  • Coffee (“coffee cherries” surround the better-known “bean”)
  • Cola nut (Cola acuminata; Sterculiaceae)
  • Common apple-berry (Billardiera scandens; Pittosporaceae)
  • Conkerberry (Carissa lanceolata; Apocynaceae)
  • Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas; Cornaceae)
  • Costa Rican Guava (Psidium friedrichsthalianum; Myrtaceae)
  • Cranberry (Vaccinium spp.)
  • Crowberry (Empetrum spp.)
  • Cupuaçu (Theobroma grandiflorum; Malvaceae)
  • Currant (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae), red, black, and white types
  • Curry-leaf Tree (Murraya koenigii; Rutaceae)
  • Custard Apple (Annona reticulata; Annonaceae), also called Bullock’s Heart

D

  • Damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. insititia; Rosaceae)
  • Date (Phoenix dactylifera; Arecaceae)
  • Date plum (Diospyros lotus; Ebenaceae)
  • Davidson’s plum (Davidsonia spp.; Cunoniaceae) Davidsonia jerseyanaDavidsonia johnsoniiDavidsonia pruriens
  • Dead Man’s Fingers (Blue Bean, Blue Sausage Fruit,Decaisnea fargesii)
  • Desert banana (Marsdenia australis)
  • Desert fig (Ficus platypoda; Moraceae)
  • Desert lime (Citrus glauca; Rutaceae)
  • Dodder laurel (Cassytha melantha)
  • Doubah (Marsdenia australis; Apocynaceae)
  • Double Coconut or Coco-de-mer(Lodoicea maldivica; Arecaceae)
  • Dragonfruit / Pitaya (Hylocereus spp.; Cactaceae)
  • Duku (Lansium domesticum; Meliaceae)
  • Durian (Durio zibethicus; Malvaceae)

E

  • Eastern May Hawthorn (Crataegus aestivalis; Rosaceae, better known as mayhaw.)
  • Elderberry (Sambucus; Caprifoliaceae)
  • Elephant Apple (Dillenia indica; Dilleniaceae)
  • Emblica, see Indian gooseberry
  • Emu Apple (Owenia acidula; Meliaceae)
  • Emu berry (Grewia retusifolia)

F

  • Falberry (Vaccinium spp.)
  • False-mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum; Sapotaceae)
  • Feijoa, see pineapple guava
  • Fibrous Satinash (Syzygium fibrosum; Myrtaceae)
  • Fig (Ficus spp. Moraceae)
  • Finger Lime (Citrus australasica; Rutaceae)
  • Florida strangler fig (Ficus aurea; Moraceae)

G

  • Gac
  • Galia melon
  • Gambooge (Garcinia cambogia; Clusiaceae)
  • Genip (Melicoccus bijugatus; Sapindaceae)
  • Giant Colombian blackberry (Rubus macrocarpus), native to the highlands of Colombia, up to 5cm long and 2.5cm wide[5]
  • Giant Granadilla (Passiflora quadrangularis; Passifloraceae)
  • Gooseberry (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae)
  • Gooseberry, Ceylon, see Ceylon gooseberry
  • Gooseberry, Indian, see Indian gooseberry
  • Gooseberry, Otaheite, see Otaheite gooseberry
  • Gooseberry, cape, see cape gooseberry
  • Goumi (Elaeagnus multiflora; Elaeocarpaceae)
  • Governor’s Plum (Flacourtia indica; Flacourtiaceae)
  • Granadilla, Montessa, see Montessa granadilla
  • Granadilla, giant, see giant granadilla
  • Granadilla, purple, see purple granadilla
  • Granadilla, red, see red granadilla
  • Granadilla, sweet, see sweet granadilla
  • Granadilla, yellow, see yellow granadilla
  • Grape, called raisin, sultana when it is dried. (Vitis spp.; Vitaceae)
  • Grapefruit (Citrus × paradisi; Rutaceae)
  • Greengage, a cultivar of the plum
  • Ground Plum (Astragalus crassicarpus; Fabaceae), also called Ground-plum milk-vetch
  • Grumichama (Eugenia brasiliensis; Myrtaceae)
  • Guanabana (Annona muricata; Annonaceae)
  • Guarana (Paullinia cupana; Sapindaceae)
  • Guava (Psidium guajava; Myrtaceae)
  • Guava, Cattley, see Cattley guava
  • Guava, Chilean, see Chilean guava
  • Guava, Costa Rican, see Costa Rican guava
  • Guava, pineapple, see pineapple guava
  • Guava, purple, see purple guava
  • Guava, strawberry, see strawberry guava
  • Guavaberry/Rumberry; (Myrciaria floribunda; Myrtaceae)

H

  • Hackberry (Celtis spp.; Cannabaceae)
  • Hairless rambutan
  • Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta; Actinidiaceae family)
  • Hawthorn (Crataegus and Rhaphiolepis)
  • Hog Plum (taperebá in Portuguese)
  • Honeydew
  • Honeysuckle[6]
  • Horned melon (Cucumis metuliferus; Cucurbitaceae)
  • Huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.)
  • Huito (Genipa americana; Rubiaceae); also called jagua, genipap, jenipapo

I

  • Ice Cream Bean (Inga edulis)
  • Ilama (Annona diversifolia; Annonaceae)
  • Illawarra Plum (Podocarpus elatus; Podocarpaceae)
  • Imbe (Garcinia livingstonei)
  • Indian almond
  • Indian fig
  • Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica/Emblica officinalis; Euphorbiaceae)
  • Indian jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana; Rhamnaceae)
  • Indian prune (Flacourtia rukan; Flacourtiaceae)

J

  • Jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora; Myrtaceae), also called Brazilian Grape Tree
  • Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllusMoraceae), also called nangka
  • Jambul (Syzygium cumini; Myrtaceae)
  • Japanese Persimmon, or Sharon fruit (Diospyros kaki; Ebenaceae)
  • Jatobá (Hymenae coubaril; Leguminosae) Caesalpinioideae)
  • Jelly Palm (Butia capitata)
  • Jocote, also called Jamaica Plum
  • Jujube (Ziziphus zizyphus; Rhamnaceae)
  • Jujube, Chinese, see Chinese jujube
  • Jujube, Indiana, see Indian jujube
  • Juniper berry (Juniperus spp.), used for flavoring and in making gin

K

  • Kabosu (Citrus Sphaerocarpa) Rutaceae
  • Kaffir lime (Citrus hystix)
  • Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides)
  • Kakadu lime (Citrus gracilis; Rutaceae)
  • Kakadu plum (Terminalia ferdinandiana; Combretaceae)
  • Kandis (Garcinia forbesii; Clusiaceae)
  • Kapok (Ceiba pentandra; Bombacaceae)
  • Karkalla (Carpobrotus rossii; Aizoaceae)
  • Karonda (Carissa carandas; Apocynaceae)
  • Kei apple (Dovyalis caffra; Flacourtiaceae)
  • Keppel fruit (Stelechocarpus burakol; Annonaceae)
  • Keule (Gomortega keule; Gomortegaceae)
  • Key Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
  • Kitembilla (Dovyalis hebecarpa; Flacourtiaceae)
  • Kiwano, see horned melon
  • Kiwifruit (Actinida spp.; Actinidiaceae)
  • Korlan
  • Kumquat (Fortunella spp.)
  • Kumquat, meiwa, see meiwa kumquat
  • Kumquat, nagami, see nagami kumquat
  • Kundong (Garcinia sp.; Clusiaceae)
  • Kutjera (Solanum centrale; Solanaceae)
  • Kwai Muk (Artocarpus hypargyraea; Moraceae)

L

  • Lady apple (Syzygium suborbiculare; Myrtaceae)
  • Lakoocha (Artocarpus lakoocha; Moraceae)
  • Langsat (Lansium domesticum), also called longkong or duku
  • Lanzones (Lansium domesticum; Meliaceae)
  • Lapsi (Choerospondias axillaris Roxb.Anacardiaceae)
  • Lardizabala (Lardizabala biternata; Lardizabalaceae)
  • Lemon (Citrus limon)
  • Lemon aspen (Acronychia acidula; Rutaceae)
  • Leucaena
  • Lillypilly (Acmena spp., Syzygium spp.) Used raw and in jam
  • Little gooseberry tree (Buchanania arborescens; Anacardiaceae)
  • Lime
  • Limeberry (Trifasia trifolia; Rutaceae)
  • Limequat (Citrus aurantifolia × Fortunella spp.; Rutaceae)
  • Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)
  • Loganberry (Rubus loganobaccus)
  • Longan (Dimocarpus longan or Euphoria longana; Sapindaceae)
  • Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica; Rosaceae)
  • Louvi (Flacourtia inermis; Flacourtaceae)
  • Lúcuma (Pouteria campechiana; Sapotaceae)
  • Lychee (Litchi chinensis; Sapindaceae)

M

  • Ma-praang (Bouea macrophylla; Anacardiaceae)
  • Mabolo (Diospyros discolor; Ebenaceae) also known as a velvet persimmon
  • Macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia; Proteaceae)
  • Macadamia, rough shell, see rough shell macadamia
  • Madrono (Rheedia acuminata; Guttiferae)
  • Malabar plum (Syzygium jambos; Myrtaceae)
  • Malay Apple (Syzygium malaccense; Myrtaceae)
  • Mamey (Pouteria sapota; Sapotaceae)
  • Mammee Apple (Mammea americana; Guttiferae)
  • Mamoncillo (Melicoccus bijugatus; Sapindaceae), also known as quenepa, genip or Fijian Longan
  • Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
  • Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa; Apocynaceae)
  • Mango (Mangifera indica; Anacardiaceae)
  • Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana; Guttiferae)
  • Manila tamarind (Pithecellobium dulce; Leguminosae)
  • Manoao (Manoao colensoi)
  • Maqui (Aristotelia chilensis; Elaeocarpaceae)
  • Marang
  • Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
  • Breadnut, Mayan (Brosimum alicastrum; Moraceae)
  • Mayapple (Podophyllum spp.; Berberidaceae)
  • Mayhaw, see Eastern may hawthorn
  • Maypop (Passiflora incarnata; Passifloraceae)
  • Medlar (Mespilus germanica)
  • Meiwa Kumquat (Fortunella japonica; Rutaceae)
  • Melinjo
  • Melon pear
  • Midyim (Austromyrtus dulcis; Myrtaceae)
  • Miracle Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum; Sapotaceae)
  • Mock Strawberry or Indian Strawberry (Potentilla indica; Rosaceae)
  • Mombin, purple, see purple mombin
  • Mombin, red, see red mombin
  • Mombin, yellow, see yellow mombin
  • Monkey Jackruit (Artocarpus rigidus; Moraceae)
  • Monkey Tamarind (Inga edulis; Leguminosae)
  • Monstera (Monstera deliciosa; Araceae) also called Swiss Cheese Plant, Split-leaf Philodendron
  • Montessa Granadilla (Passiflora platyloba; Passifloraceae)
  • Mora Común (Rubus adenotrichus), most common native berry from Mexico to Ecuador[7]
  • More de Castilla (Rubus glaucus), a blackberry native to South and Central America[8]
  • Morinda
  • Morinda citrifolia
  • Mortiño, or Andean blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum), undomesticated, abundant in the northern Andes[9]
  • Mountain pepper (Tasmannia spp.; Winteraceae )
  • Mountain Soursop (Annona montana; Annonaceae)
  • Mulberry (Morus spp.; Moraceae) including black, red and white mulberry
  • Munydjudj, see wild plum
  • Mundu (Garcinia dulcis)
  • Muntries (Kunzea pomifera; Myrtaceae)
  • Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia; Vitaceae)
  • Muskmelon

 

M

  • Ma-praang (Bouea macrophylla; Anacardiaceae)
  • Mabolo (Diospyros discolor; Ebenaceae) also known as a velvet persimmon
  • Macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia; Proteaceae)
  • Macadamia, rough shell, see rough shell macadamia
  • Madrono (Rheedia acuminata; Guttiferae)
  • Malabar plum (Syzygium jambos; Myrtaceae)
  • Malay Apple (Syzygium malaccense; Myrtaceae)
  • Mamey (Pouteria sapota; Sapotaceae)
  • Mammee Apple (Mammea americana; Guttiferae)
  • Mamoncillo (Melicoccus bijugatus; Sapindaceae), also known as quenepa, genip or Fijian Longan
  • Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
  • Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa; Apocynaceae)
  • Mango (Mangifera indica; Anacardiaceae)
  • Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana; Guttiferae)
  • Manila tamarind (Pithecellobium dulce; Leguminosae)
  • Manoao (Manoao colensoi)
  • Maqui (Aristotelia chilensis; Elaeocarpaceae)
  • Marang
  • Marula (Sclerocarya birrea)
  • Breadnut, Mayan (Brosimum alicastrum; Moraceae)
  • Mayapple (Podophyllum spp.; Berberidaceae)
  • Mayhaw, see Eastern may hawthorn
  • Maypop (Passiflora incarnata; Passifloraceae)
  • Medlar (Mespilus germanica)
  • Meiwa Kumquat (Fortunella japonica; Rutaceae)
  • Melinjo
  • Melon pear
  • Midyim (Austromyrtus dulcis; Myrtaceae)
  • Miracle Fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum; Sapotaceae)
  • Mock Strawberry or Indian Strawberry (Potentilla indica; Rosaceae)
  • Mombin, purple, see purple mombin
  • Mombin, red, see red mombin
  • Mombin, yellow, see yellow mombin
  • Monkey Jackruit (Artocarpus rigidus; Moraceae)
  • Monkey Tamarind (Inga edulis; Leguminosae)
  • Monstera (Monstera deliciosa; Araceae) also called Swiss Cheese Plant, Split-leaf Philodendron
  • Montessa Granadilla (Passiflora platyloba; Passifloraceae)
  • Mora Común (Rubus adenotrichus), most common native berry from Mexico to Ecuador[7]
  • More de Castilla (Rubus glaucus), a blackberry native to South and Central America[8]
  • Morinda
  • Morinda citrifolia
  • Mortiño, or Andean blueberry (Vaccinium floribundum), undomesticated, abundant in the northern Andes[9]
  • Mountain pepper (Tasmannia spp.; Winteraceae )
  • Mountain Soursop (Annona montana; Annonaceae)
  • Mulberry (Morus spp.; Moraceae) including black, red and white mulberry
  • Munydjudj, see wild plum
  • Mundu (Garcinia dulcis)
  • Muntries (Kunzea pomifera; Myrtaceae)
  • Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia; Vitaceae)
  • Muskmelon

N

  • Naartjie (Citrus reticulata, Citrus nobilis)
  • Nagami Kumquat (Fortunella margarita; Rutaceae)
  • Nageia (Nageia spp.)
  • Nance (Byrsonima crassifolia; Malpighiaceae)
  • Nannyberry or sheepberry (Viburnum spp.; Caprifoliaceae)
  • Naranjilla (Solanum quitoense; Solanaceae)
  • Native currant (Acrotriche depressa; Ericaceae)
  • Native gooseberry (Physalis minima; Solanaceae)
  • Native raspberry (Rubus parviflorus)
  • Nectarine, see peach
  • Neem (Azadirachta indica; Meliaceae)
  • Néré (Parkia biglobosa)
  • Nonda plum (Parinari nonda)
  • Noni (Morinda citrifolia; Rubiaceae)
  • Nungu (Borassus flabellifer; Arecaceae)
  • Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans; Myristicace

O

  • Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis; Arecaceae)
  • Olive
  • Orange, of which there are sweet (Citrus sinensis) and sour (Citrus aurantium) species
  • Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium; Berberidaceae)
  • Oroblanco (Citrus paradisi C. grandis) Rutaceae (Also called the sweetie)
  • Otaheite gooseberry (Phyllanthus acidus; Phyllanthaceae)

P

  • Palmyra Palm/Toddy Palm (Borassus flabellifer; Arecaceae)
  • Papaya (Carica papaya; Caricaceae)
  • Passion fruit or Granadilla (Passiflora edulis and other Passiflora spp.; Passifloraceae)
  • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba; Annonaceae, not to be confused with Papaya (Carica papaya; Caricaceae), which is called pawpaw in some English dialects)
  • Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its variant the nectarine (Prunus persica)
  • Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes; Arecaceae)
  • Peanut (Arachis hypogaea; Fabaceae)
  • Peanut butter fruit (Bunchosia argentea; Malpighiaceae)
  • Pear, European and Asian species (Pyrus)
  • Pecan (Carya illinoinensis or illinoensis; Juglandaceae)
  • Pepino (Solanum muricatum)
  • Pequi (Caryocar brasiliensis; Caryocaraceae)
  • Persian lime Also known as tahiti lime.
  • Persimmon, American, see American persimmon
  • Persimmon, oriental, see Oriental persimmon
  • Peumo (Cryptocarya alba; Lauraceae)
  • Phalsa (Grewia subinaequalis; Tiliaceae)
  • Pigeon pea
  • Pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia; Polygonaceae)
  • Pigface (Carpobrotus glaucescens; Aizoaceae)
  • Pili Nut (Canarium ovatum; Burseraceae)
  • Pindo Palm (Butia Capitata; Arecaceae)
  • Pineapple (Ananas comosus ; Bromeliaceae)
  • Pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana; Myrtaceae)
  • Pink-flowered Native Raspberry (Rubus parvifolius; Rosaceae)
  • Pistachio (Pistacia vera; Anacardiaceae)
  • Pitaya, see Dragon fruit
  • Pitomba (Eugenia luschnathiana or Talisia esculenta)
  • Plum, of which there are several domestic and wild species; dried plums are called prunes
  • Pois doux (Inga edulis, ice-cream bean, or inga-cipó in Portuguese)
  • Pomegranate (Punica granatum; Punicaceae)
  • Pomelo (also known as the shaddock) (Citrus maxima)
  • Pommecythère or pomcité (Spondias cytherea); also known as golden apple, June plum or Jew plum and ambarella, and as cajamanga in Portuguese
  • Pommerac (Eugenia malaccensis); also known as Otaheite apple; Malay apple; jambo in Portuguese
  • Pond-apple (Annona glabra; Annonaceae) Also called Alligator-apple and Monkey-apple
  • Prickly pear (Opuntia spp.; Cactaceae) used as both a fruit and vegetable depending on part of plant.
  • Pulasan (Nephelium mutabile; Sapindaceae)
  • Pummelo (Citrus grandis; Rutaceae)
  • Pupunha (Bactris gasipaes; Arecaceae); also known as Peach Plum or Pewa
  • Purple apple-berry (Billarderia longiflora; Pittosporaceae)
  • Purple granadilla (Passiflora edulis f edulis; Passifloraceae)
  • Purple Guava (Psidium rufum; Myrtaceae)
  • Purple Mombin (Spondias purpurea; Anacardiaceae)

Q

  • Quandong (Santalum acuminatum; Santalaceae)
  • Queensland Ebony (Diospyros humilis)
  • Quince (Cydonia oblonga and Chaenomeles)

R

  • Raisin tree (Hovenia dulcis, Rhamnaceae) Also called Japanese Raisin Tree
  • Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum; Sapindaceae)
  • Raspberry, several species (genus Rubus)
  • Red granadilla (Passiflora coccinea; Passifloraceae)* Red Mombin (Spondias purpurea; Anacardiaceae)
  • Red Mombin (Spondias purpurea; Anacardiaceae)
  • Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)
  • Rhubarb (Rheum rhaponticum; Polygonaceae)
  • Riberry (Syzygium luehmannii; Myrtaceae), also called Lilly Pilly, Lillipilli, Chinese Apple
  • Rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum)
  • Rollinia (Rollinia mucosa; Annonaceae)
  • Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos; Myrtaceae)
  • Rose hip, the fruitlike base of roses (Rosa); used mostly for jams and herbal teas
  • Rose-leaf Bramble (Rubus rosifolius; Rosaceae)
  • Rose myrtle (Archirhodomyrtus beckleri; Myrtaceae)
  • Rough Shell Macadamia (Macadamia tetraphylla; Proteaceae)
  • Rowan (Sorbus)

S

  • Safou (Dacryodes edulis), also called atanga or butterfruit
  • Sageretia (Sageretia theezans; Rhamnaceae) Also called Mock Buckthorn.
  • Saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea; Cactaceae)
  • Salak (Salacca edulis; Arecaceae), also called snakefruit or cobrafruit
  • Salal (Gaultheria shallon; Ericaceae)
  • Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)
  • Sandpaper Fig (Ficus coronata; Moraceae)
  • Santol (Sandoricum koetjape; Meliaceae)
  • Sapote, see mamey
  • Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota; Sapotaceae), also called chiku, mespel, naseberry, sapadilla, snake fruit, sawo
  • Satinash, fibrous, see #fibrous_satinash#fibrous satinash
  • Saskatoonberry (Amelanchier alnifolia, Rosaceae)
  • Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens; Arecaceae)
  • Sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides; Elaeagnaceae)
  • Sea Grape (Coccoloba uvifera; Polygonaceae)
  • Serviceberry or Saskatoon (Amelanchier)
  • Shipova (× Sorbopyrus auricularis)
  • Small-leaf tamarind (Diploglottis campbellii; Sapindaceae)
  • Snow berry (Gaultheria hispida; Ericaceae)
  • Soncoya (Annona diversifolia; Annonaceae)
  • Service tree (Sorbus domestica), bears a fruit known as a sorb or sorb apple
  • Soursop (Annona muricata; Annonaceae), also called guanabana
  • Southern Crabapple (Malus angustifolia; Rosaceae)
  • Spanish lime (Melicoccus bijugatus; Sapindaceae)
  • Spanish tamarind (Vangueria madagascariensis)
  • Spiny Monkey-orange (Strychnos spinosa)
  • Star Apple (Chrysophyllum cainito; Chrysobalanaceae), also called caimito or caimite
  • Starfruit, see carambola
  • Strawberry (Fragaria)
  • Strawberry Guava (Psidium littorale; Myrtaceae)
  • Strawberry myrtle, see ugni
  • Strawberry Pear
  • Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa; Annonaceae); ata in Portuguese
  • Surinam Cherry (Eugenia uniflora; Myrtaceae) also called Brazilian Cherry, Cayenne Cherry, Pitanga
  • Sweet apple-berry (Billarderia cymosa; Pittosporaceae)
  • Sweet Granadilla (Passiflora ligularis; Passifloraceae)
  • Sweet Lemon (Citrus limetta)
  • Sweet orange
  • Sweet pepper
  • Sweetsop (Annona squamosa; Annonaceae) also called Sugar Apple
  • Sycamore fig (Ficus sycomorus. Moraceae) also called old world sycomore or just sycomore.

T

  • Tahitian apple (Spondias dulcis)
  • Tamarillo or Tree Tomato (Cyphomandra betacea; Solanaceae)
  • Tamarind (Tamarindus indica; Leguminosae)
  • Tamarind, Manila, see Manila tamarind
  • Tamarind, monkey, see monkey tamarind
  • Tamarind, velvet, see velvet tamarind
  • Tangerine, and similar
  • Tanjong (Mimusops elengi; Sapindaceae)
  • Texas Persimmon (Diospyros texana; Ebenaceae)
  • Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
  • Tōtara (Podocarpus totara)
  • Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia; Rosaceae)
  • Tropical Almond (Terminalia catappa; Combretaceae)

U

  • Ugni (Ugni molinae; Myrtaceae)

V

  • Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia; Orchidaceae)
  • Velvet Tamarind (Dialium indum; Leguminosae)

W

  • Wampee (Clausena lansium; Rutaceae)
  • Water Apple (Syzygium aqueum; Myrtaceae)
  • Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
  • Wax Gourd, or winter melon (Benincasa hispida), eaten as a culinary vegetable when mature, but sweet when young
  • Wax jambu (Syzygium samarangense; Myrtaceae)
  • West Indian cherry, see acerola
  • White aspen (Acronychia oblongifolia; Rutaceae)
  • White Mulberry (Morus alba)
  • White Sapote (Casimiroa edulis; Rutaceae)
  • Whortleberry, see bilberry
  • Wild grape (Ampelocissus acetosa)
  • Wild orange (Capparis mitchellii; Capparaceae)
  • Wild peach (Terminalia carpentariae)
  • Wild plum (munydjudj) (Buchanania obovata)
  • Wild plum (Santalum lanceolatum)
  • Wild Mangosteen (Garcinia indica)
  • Wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)
  • Wolfberry (Lycium barbarum, Lycium spp.; Solanaceae)
  • Wongi (Manilkara kaukii; Sapotaceae)
  • Wood Apple (Feronia limonia; Rutaceae)

Y

  • Yangmei (Myrica rubra; Myricaceae) Also called Yumberry, Yamamomo, Chinese Bayberry, Japanese Bayberry, Red Bayberry, or Chinese strawberry tree
  • Yantok, or rattan fruit (Calamus manillensis)
  • Yellow Granadilla (Passiflora edulis f flavicarpa; Passifloraceae)
  • Yellow Mombin (Spondias mombin; Anacardiaceae)
  • Yellow plum (Ximenia americana; Olacaceae)
  • Youngberry

Z

  • Zig Zag Vine (Melodurum leichhardtii; Annonaceae)
  • Ziziphus, see Jujube

Culinary fruits by climate

Temperate fruits

Fruits of temperate climates are almost always borne on trees or woody shrubs or lianas. They will not grow adequately in the tropics, as they need a period of cold (a chilling requirement) each year before they will flower. The apple, pear, cherry, and plum are the most widely grown and eaten, owing to their adaptability. Many other fruits are important regionally but do not figure prominently in commerce. Many sorts of small fruit on this list are gathered from the wild, just as they were in Neolithic times.

 

 

 

 

 

The pome fruits

  • Apple and crabapple (Malus)
  • Chokeberry
  • Hawthorn
  • Loquat
  • Medlar
  • Pear
  • Quince
  • Rose hip
  • Rowan
  • Service tree
  • Serviceberry
  • Shipova

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus

  • Apricot
  • Cherry, sweet, black, sour, and wild species
  • Chokecherry
  • Greengage
  • Peach varieties and nectarine
  • Plum
  • Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the plumcot/apriplum, pluot, aprium, and peacotum

Other temperate fruits

  • Boquila
  • Elaeocarpaceae
  • Goumi
  • Keule
  • Lardizabala
  • Maqui
  • American Pawpaw
  • Peumo
  • Grape, Vitis labrusca

Berries

In non-technical usage, berry means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular of these that are not true berries:

Rubus
  • Blackberry, including dewberry, boysenberry, olallieberry, and tayberry
  • Cloudberry
  • Loganberry
  • Raspberry species
  • Salmonberry
  • Thimbleberry
  • Wineberry
True berries

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

  • Bearberry
  • Bilberry
  • Blueberry
  • Crowberry
  • Cranberry
  • Falberry
  • Huckleberry
  • Lingonberry
  • Strawberry
Other berries
  • Currant
  • Elderberry
  • Gooseberry
  • Hackberry
  • Honeysuckle[6]
  • Mulberry, including red and white mulberry
  • Mayapple
  • Nannyberry
  • Oregon grape
  • Sea-buckthorn
  • Ugni
  • Wolfberry

Mediterranean and subtropical fruits

Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean:

Mediterranean natives

  • Black mulberry
  • Cornelian cherry
  • Date
  • Fig
  • Grapes, Vitis vinifera and raisins
  • Jujube
  • Pomegranate
  • Sycamore fig

Citrus

In the important genus Citrus (Rutaceae), some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:

  • Blood Orange
  • Citron
  • Clementine
  • Grapefruit
  • Kumquat
  • Lemon
  • Lime, including Key, Persian and Kaffir lime
  • Mandarin
  • Naartjie
  • Orange (sweet or sour)
  • Pomelo
  • Sweet Lemon
  • Kabosu
  • Oroblanco
  • Tangerine
  • Hybrids of the preceding species, such as the Orangelo, Tangelo, Rangpur (fruit) and Ugli fruit

Other subtropical fruits

  • Avocado
  • Carob
  • Feijoa
  • Guava
  • Longan
  • Lúcuma
  • Lychee
  • Passion fruit
  • Peanut
  • Pond-apple
  • Strawberry guava
  • Tamarillo
  • Yangmei
  • Néré

Tropical fruits

Tropical fruits grow on plants of all habitats. The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.

A

  • Abiu
  • Açaí
  • Acerola
  • Ackee
  • African cherry orange
  • African moringa
  • Agave
  • Allspice
  • Ambarella
  • American Persimmon
  • Araza
  • Atemoya
  • Avocado

B

  • Babaco
  • Bacupari
  • Bacuri
  • Bael
  • Banana
  • Barbadine
  • Barbados Cherry
  • Betel Nut
  • Bignay
  • Bilimbi
  • Biribi
  • Black Mulberry
  • Black Sapote
  • Bolivian coconut
  • Bottle Gourd
  • Breadnut
  • Burmese grape

C

  • Caimito
  • Calabash Tree
  • Calamansi
  • CamuCamu
  • Canistel
  • Cape Gooseberry
  • Capulin Cherry
  • Carambola
  • Cassabanana
  • Cattley Guava
  • Cawesh
  • Ceriman
  • Ceylon gooseberry
  • Chayote
  • Chempedak
  • Chenet
  • Cherimoya
  • Chilean guava
  • Chinese jujube
  • Cherry of the Rio Grande
  • Chinese Olive
  • Chupa-Chupa
  • Coco Plum
  • Cocona
  • Double Coconut
  • Coconut
  • Cola nut
  • Costa Rican Guava
  • Cupuaçu
  • Curry-leaf Tree
  • Cocoplum
  • Custard Apple

D

  • Damson plum
  • Date plum
  • Dead Man’s Fingers
  • Dragonfruit
  • Duku
  • Durian

E

  • Elephant Apple
  • Emblica

G

  • Gambooge
  • Genip
  • Giant Granadilla
  • Governor’s Plum
  • Grapefruit
  • Grumichama
  • Guanabana
  • Guarana
  • Guava
  • Guavaberry

H

  • Hairless rambutan
  • Hog Plum
  • Horned melon
  • Huito
  • Honeydew

I

  • Ice Cream Bean
  • Ilama
  • Imbe
  • Indian almond
  • Indian fig
  • Indian gooseberry
  • Indian jujube
  • Indian prune

K

  • Kandis
  • Kapok
  • Karonda
  • Kei apple
  • Keppel fruit
  • Key lime
  • Kitembilla
  • Kiwano
  • Kiwifruit
  • Kwai Muk
  • Korlan
  • Kundong

L

  • Lakoocha
  • Langsat
  • Lanzones
  • Lemon
  • Leucaena
  • Limeberry
  • Limequat
  • Lime
  • Longan
  • Loquat
  • Louvi
  • Lucuma
  • Lychee

M

  • Mabolo
  • Macadamia
  • Madrono
  • Malabar plum
  • Malay Apple
  • Mammee Apple
  • Mamey
  • Mamoncillo
  • Mangaba
  • Mango
  • Mangosteen
  • Manila tamarind
  • Ma-praang
  • Mayan Breadnut
  • Maypop
  • Medlar
  • Meiwa Kumquat
  • Melinjo
  • Melon pear
  • Miracle Fruit
  • Monstera
  • Montessa Granadilla
  • Mountain Soursop
  • Monkey Jackruit
  • Monkey Tamarind
  • Mundu
  • Muskmelon

N

  • Nagami Kumquat
  • Nance
  • Naranjilla
  • Neem
  • Noni
  • Nutmeg

O

  • Oil Palm
  • Olive
  • Otaheite gooseberry
  • Orange
  • Oriental Persimmon

P

  • Palmyra Palm
  • Papaya
  • Passion fruit
  • Pawpaw
  • Peach palm
  • Peanut butter fruit
  • Pecan
  • Pepino
  • Pequi
  • Pewa
  • Phalsa
  • Pigeon pea
  • Pili Nut
  • Pindo Palm
  • Pineapple
  • Pineapple guava
  • Pistachio
  • Pitaya
  • Pitomba
  • Pois doux
  • Pomegranate
  • Pommecythère
  • Pommerac
  • Pulasan
  • Pummelo
  • Pupunha
  • Purple Guava
  • Purple granadilla
  • Purple Mombin

R

  • Rambutan
  • Red granadilla
  • Red Mombin
  • Riberry
  • Ridged gourd
  • Rollinia
  • Rose Apple
  • Rough Shell Macadamia

S

  • Safou
  • Salak
  • Santol
  • Sapodilla
  • Sea Grape
  • Soncoya
  • Soursop
  • Spanish lime
  • Star Apple
  • Strawberry Guava
  • Strawberry Pear
  • Sugar Apple
  • Summer squash
  • Surinam Cherry
  • Sweet Granadilla
  • Sweet orange
  • Sweet pepper
  • Sweetsop

T

  • Tahitian apple
  • Tangerine
  • Tamarind

U

  • Ugni

V

  • Vanilla
  • Velvet Tamarind
  • Voavanga

W

  • Wampee
  • Water Apple
  • Watermelon
  • Wax jambu
  • Wax Gourd
  • White Sapote
  • Winged Bean
  • Wood Apple

X

  • Xigua

Y

  • Yantok
  • Yellow Granadilla
  • Yellow Mombin
  • Youngberry

Z

  • Ziziphus

Culinary fruits by geographical origin

Fruits of African origin

Fruits native to Africa or of African origin:

  • Ackee
  • African cherry orange
  • African custard-apple
  • African mango
  • African medlar
  • African moringa
  • African peach
  • Aizen
  • Balsam apple
  • Calabash
  • Coco de mer
  • Coffee
  • Deleb palm
  • Desert date
  • Gemsbok cucumber
  • Gingerbread plum
  • Governor’s plum
  • Horned melon
  • Imbe
  • Indian jujube
  • Jackalberry
  • Junglesop
  • Kei apple
  • Marula
  • Mazhanje/Sugar plum
  • Melon
  • Milkplum/Stamvrug
  • Miracle Fruit
  • Mobola plum
  • Monkey-bread/Baobab
  • Natal plum/Carissa
  • Néré
  • Oil palm
  • Sand apple
  • Safou/Butterfruit
  • Spanish tamarind
  • Spiny monkey orange
  • Sweet detar
  • Sycamore fig
  • Tamarind
  • Waterberry
  • Waterbessie
  • Watermelon
  • White star apple
  • Wild apricot

Fruits of Asian origin

Fruits native to Asia or of Asian origin:

  • Arhat
  • Batuan
  • Bignay
  • Bilimbi
  • Breadfruit
  • Buddha’s Hand
  • Bael
  • Mango
  • Carambola
  • Charichuelo
  • Calamondin
  • Button Mangosteen
  • Chinese Quince
  • Che
  • Durian
  • Gac
  • Goumi
  • Jambul
  • Hardy Kiwi
  • Indian gooseberry
  • Kiwifruit
  • Mundu
  • Lanzones
  • Lapsi
  • Longan
  • Lychee
  • Mangosteen
  • Marang
  • Mock Strawberry
  • Nungu
  • Peach
  • Oriental persimmon
  • Pomelo
  • Rambutan
  • Rhubarb
  • Sageretia
  • Salak
  • Santol
  • Wild Mangosteen

Fruits of Latin American origin

Fruits native to Latin America or of Latin American origin. Plants are of South American origin, except as noted.

  • Açaí, Amazon basin
  • Avocado, Mesoamerica
  • Barberry
  • Cainito
  • Capuli cherry
  • Cherimoya
  • Coconut, Americas
  • Feijoa
  • Giant Columbian blackberry
  • Guarana, Brazilian Amazon
  • Guava, Mesoamerica
  • Keule
  • Lardizabala
  • Mamey, Mesoamerica
  • Maqui
  • Mora Común
  • Mortiño
  • Naranjilla
  • Papaya
  • Peumo
  • Pineapple
  • Sapote, Mesoamerica
  • Sea grape
  • Strawberry[10]
  • Soursop
  • Sugar-apple
  • Ugni[11]

Fruits of North American origin

Canada and the United States are home to a surprising number of edible plants, especially berries; however, only three are commercially grown/known on a global scale (grapes, cranberries, and blueberries.) Many of the fruits below are still eaten locally as they have been for centuries and others are generating renewed interest by eco-friendly gardeners (less need for bug control) and chefs of the region alike.

  • American Chestnut
  • American Black Elderberry
  • American grape
  • American Hazelnut
  • American Mayapple
  • American persimmon
  • American plum
  • American Red Elderberry
  • American Red Raspberry
  • Beach Plum
  • Black cherry
  • Black raspberry
  • Black Walnut
  • Blueberry
  • Buffaloberry
  • Chokecherry
  • Coco plum
  • Cranberry
  • Eastern May Hawthorn
  • False-mastic
  • Florida strangler fig
  • Ground Plum
  • Huckleberry
  • Maypop
  • Muscadine
  • Pawpaw
  • Pecan
  • Prickly pear
  • Pigeon plum
  • Red mulberry
  • Salal
  • Salmonberry
  • Saskatoonberry
  • Saw Palmetto
  • Southern Crabapple
  • Texas Persimmon
  • Thimbleberry
  • Toyon

Fruits of Oceanian origin

Fruits native to Oceania or of Oceanian origin:

  • Atherton Raspberry
  • Black Apple
  • Blue tongue
  • Bolwarra
  • Broad-leaf Bramble
  • Burdekin Plum
  • Bush tomato
  • Cedar Bay cherry
  • Cherry ballart
  • Cluster fig
  • Cocky apple
  • Common apple-berry
  • Conkerberry
  • Davidson’s plum
  • Desert banana
  • Desert fig
  • Desert lime
  • Dodder laurel
  • Doubah
  • Emu Apple
  • Emu berry
  • Fibrous Satinash
  • Finger Lime
  • Illawarra Plum
  • Kakadu lime
  • Kakadu plum
  • Karkalla
  • Kutjera
  • Lady apple
  • Lemon aspen
  • Lillypilly
  • Little gooseberry tree
  • Midyim
  • Morinda citrifolia
  • Mountain pepper
  • Muntries
  • Native currant
  • Native gooseberry
  • Native raspberry
  • Nonda plum
  • Pigface
  • Pink-flowered Native Raspberry
  • Purple apple-berry
  • Quandong
  • Queensland Ebony
  • Riberry
  • Rose-leaf Bramble
  • Rose myrtle
  • Sandpaper Fig
  • Small-leaf tamarind
  • Snow berry
  • Sweet apple-berry
  • Tanjong
  • White aspen
  • Wild grape
  • Wild orange
  • Wild peach
  • Wild plum (munydjudj)
  • Wild plum
  • Wongi
  • Yellow plum
  • Zig Zag Vine

Culinary fruits by type of flora

Rosaceae family

The family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits and brambles are fruits of plants in Rosaceae.

The pome fruits:

  • Apple and crabapple
  • Chokeberry
  • Hawthorn
  • Loquat
  • Medlar
  • Pear
  • Quince
  • Rose hip
  • Rowan
  • Service tree
  • Serviceberry
  • Shipova

The stone fruits, drupes of genus Prunus:

  • Apricot (Prunus armeniaca or Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Cherry, including sweet, black, sour, and wild species
  • Chokecherry
  • Greengage
  • Peach and nectarine
  • Plum of several species
  • Hybrids of the preceding species

Berries

In non-technical usage, berry means any small fruit that can be eaten whole and lacks objectionable seeds. The bramble fruits, compound fruits of genus Rubus (blackberries), are some of the most popular of these that are not true berries:

  • Blackberry, including many species and hybrids
  • Cloudberry
  • Loganberry
  • Raspberry of several species
  • Salmonberry
  • Thimbleberry
  • Wineberry

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:

  • Bearberry
  • Bilberry
  • Blueberry
  • Crowberry
  • Cranberry
  • Falberry
  • Huckleberry
  • Lingonberry
  • Strawberry Tree

Other berries not in Rosaceae or Ericaceae:

  • Açaí
  • Barberry
  • Currant
  • Elderberry
  • Gooseberry
  • Hackberry
  • Honeysuckle[6]
  • Mulberry, including red and white mulberry
  • Mayapple
  • Nannyberry
  • Oregon grape
  • Sea-buckthorn
  • Sea Grape
  • Ugniberry
  • Wolfberry

Cacti and other succulents

Several cacti yield edible fruits, which are important traditional foods for some Native American peoples:

  • Cardón
  • Dragonfruit
  • Prickly pear
  • Saguaro
  • Cereus peruvianus
  • Numerous other cactus species

Gymnosperms with fruit-like structures

Only Angiosperms have fruit, a structure that surrounds the seed. Gymnosperms have naked seeds, but some of them have reproductive structures that resemble fruit.[12]

Podocarps

Podocarps are conifers in the family Podocarpaceae, The seed cones are highly modified and, in some, the seed is surrounded by fleshy scale tissue, resembling a drupe. These berry-like cone scales are eaten by birds which then disperse the seeds in their droppings and the cones can be eaten in many species. Podocarps are either half-hardy or frost tender, depending on species. Many genera are similar in that they have edible “fruits” and often don’t have a common name.

  • Kahikatea
  • Manoao
  • Nageia
  • Podocarpus
  • Prumnopitys
  • Rimu
  • Tōtara

Other gymnosperms

  • Juniper berry (a berry-like cone)

Melons and other members of Cucurbitaceae family

Most gourds and many melons are regarded as culinary vegetables. The following are generally regarded as fruits:

  • Bitter melon
  • Cantaloupe
  • Galia
  • Honeydew
  • Horned melon
  • Muskmelon
  • Watermelon

Accessory fruits

The accessory fruits, seed organs which are not botanically berries at all:

  • Cashew apple
  • Raisin tree
  • Strawberry

 

 

Written on June 7th, 2012 , Botany Tags:

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    17 June 2012 at 19:01

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