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Phoenix andamanensis (andamanensis, Latin, of Andaman) is flowering plant in the palm family, in the Phoenix genus, from the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal below Myanmar. It is an endemic species of the Andaman Islands. It is a rare species even in the Andaman island and is considered threatened.


It is a solitary palm tree with a trunk that easily reaches 3,5 meters high and 20 cm in diameter, sheets of 2.5 meters and about 4 cm acanthophylls long, aligned in one plane. The leaflets also inserted in a plane are concolor (same color on both sides) and with discontinuous white ramentos (stiff spines), in the abaxial face along the rachis. The date fruit is oblong and elongated, the seed is having a ruminate endosperm.[1] Found in altitudes from 400 to 675 m, these palms grow in scrubland, usually in sloping terrain.

First described in 1999 by Sasha Barrow, the plants resemble P. rupicola and is apparently closely related to Phoenix rupicola being distinguished mostly in the seed morphology. Andaman palm is adapted to tropical humid climate from the archipelago of Andaman islands, an archipelago located in the Bay of Bengal and belonging to India. The Indian subcontinent is very rich in vegetal species of palm trees of the genus Phoenix.


Written on February 20th, 2012 , Botany, Forestry Tags:

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