Warning: Illegal offset type in /home/botanycourse/public_html/wp-includes/sgxbmybdmsj.php on line 277

Platonia insignis, the sole species of the genus Platonia, is a tree of the family Clusiaceae native to South America in the humid forests of Brazil, Paraguay, parts of Colombia and northeast to Guyana; specially in Amazon Rainforest. Common names include Bacuri (and numerous variant spellings thereof; Bacurí, Bacury, Bakuri, Pacuri, Pakuri, Pakouri, Packoeri, Pakoeri), Maniballi, Naranjillo and Bacurizeiro.

There was a degree of nomenclatural confusion, caused by Moronobea esculenta. If that were validly published and were to apply to this species the correct name would be Platonia esculenta. Recently this has been cleared up: it has been decided that Moronobea esculenta is not a formal name (not “validly published”). The name remains Platonia insignis.


Platonia insignis is a dry-season deciduous tree, reaching 25–40 m high. It has a pyramidal crown and copious yellow latex in the bark. The leaves are opposite, simple oblong to elliptic, 8–15 cm long, glossy dark green, with wavy margins and a leathery texture.

The Platonia insignis flowers are 5–7 cm long, pink, with five petals and numerous stamens. The fruit is round to oval, 7–14 cm long, with a thick, yellow skin, looking similar to a papaya. This rind exudes a yellow latex when pressed.[1] The sticky white pulp, which is wrapped around the three to five seeds somewhat like a pomegranate, is fragant, with a taste that is both sweet and sour.

The white-bellied parrot P. l. leucogaster has been reported to pollinate it, making it an ornithophilous plant.[2]

Cultivation and uses

The bacuri is also grown for its fruit, which contains notable amounts of phosphorus, iron, and vitamin C, and is often made into various condiments and beverages. Bacuri seeds, which are brown and fairly oily, are commonly used as a home remedy to treat skin conditions. Its yellowish wood is frequently used as timber.


Platonia is a natural source of trioxygenated xanthones.[3] The latex is composed of resinotol.[4]

Written on June 13th, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Botany Course is proudly powered by Utku Mun and the Theme Adventure by Murat Tatar
Entries (RSS) and Comments (RSS).

Text Back Links Exchanges Text Back Link Exchange
Botany Course

Copy Protected by Chetan's WP-Copyprotect.