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The serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a type of chili pepper that originated in the mountainous regions of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo.[1] The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains (sierras) of these regions.[1]

Mature serrano pepper plants reach a height of between one and a half and five feet tall.[1] Each plant can hold up to fifty pepper pods.[1] Unripe serrano peppers are green, but the color at maturity varies. Common colors are green, red, brown, orange, or yellow. Serrano pepper plants have distinctly fuzzy leaves and stems.

The serrano pepper’s Scoville rating is 10,000 to 25,000.[2] Their flavor is crisp, bright, and biting, notably hotter than the JalapeƱo pepper they resemble, and they are typically eaten raw. Serrano peppers are also commonly used in making pico de gallo.[1] It is one of the most used chiles in Mexico.


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Written on February 29th, 2012 , Botany, Vegetables Tags:

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