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Solanum pimpinellifolium, commonly known as the Currant Tomato, is a species of nightshade native to Ecuador and Peru but naturalized elsewhere, such as the Galápagos Islands. Its small fruits are edible. Its genome was recently sequenced.[3]

Breeding purposes

It will hybridize with Tomatoes, Solanum lycopersicum.[4] There are annual, biennial, and perennial varieties.[5] Solanum pimpinellifolium is important in tomato breeding.

Its relatedness to tomatoes[6] and ability to freely cross with them has allowed it to be used for the introduction of disease resistance traits in tomato varieties, as well as in the study of the genetic control of tomato traits such as fruit shape and size.[5] Its 900 Mb genome differs from the tomato at 0.6% of base pairs; in comparison, they both differ from the potato (from which they diverged 7.3 million years ago) at 8% of bases.[3]

Written on June 4th, 2012 , Food Crops Tags:

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