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Northern highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum, is a species of blueberry native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia and Ontario south to Alabama, and west to Wisconsin. Other common names include blue huckleberry, tall huckleberry, swamp huckleberry, high blueberry, and swamp blueberry.[1]

Growth

Vaccinium corymbosum is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m tall, often found in dense thickets. The dark glossy green leaves are elliptical and up to 5 cm long. In fall, the leaves change to a brilliant red. The flowers are white, bell-shaped, 10 mm long. The fruit is a dark blue to black berry. This plant grows best in wooded or open areas with moist acidic soils.

Characteristics

This plant is also the most common commercially-grown blueberry in North America. In the wild, it is enjoyed by birds, bears and small mammals.

Distribution

Outside of its natural range, Vaccinium corymbosum has been introduced into British Columbia and the state of Washington and, further afield, into Great Britain, Lithuania and Australia.

Cultivars

Some common varieties are listed here, grouped by approximate start of the harvest season.

  • Early
    • Duke
    • Patriot
    • Reka
  • Mid-Season
    • Bluecrop
    • Blueray
    • KaBluey
  • Late
    • Aurora
    • Darrow
    • Elliott
    • Jersey

Cultivars known as Southern highbush blueberries have been developed for cultivation in warm southern parts of North America. These are hybridized forms derived from crosses with Vaccinium darrowii.

Written on June 13th, 2012 , Fruits Tags:

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